PMC-Turbo Project

PMC-Turbo is a NASA Long-Duration Ballon Flight to study polar mesospheric clouds, gravity waves, and turbulence
  • Primary Instrument: Seven 16MP cameras with wide and narrow fields-of-view
  • Add-On instruments: DLR BOLIDE lidar, USU OH camera
The PMC-Turbo mission successfully flew from Esrange in Kiruna, Sweden to northern Canada in July 2018. The landing was gentle and the full payload with 120TB of PMC images was recovered and the dataset is under analysis at GATS. The DLR BOLIDE lidar was also very successful.


  1. PMC Turbo was motivated by EBEX star camera images that revealed spectacular turbulence structures
  2. Polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs) occur where gravity wave dissipation and turbulence are strong
  3. PMC are sensitive tracers of turbulence morphologies - in an ideal natural laboratory
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